This prospective study was conducted to compare the outcome between medical and surgical treatment of primary intracerebral haemorrhage at the department of Neurosurgery, Dhaka Medical College Hospital from January 2006 to October 2007. All patients with primary intracerebral haematoma with Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) 5-15 (on admission) and heamatoma volume 30 cc or above admitted at Neurosurgery department managed conservatively or surgically were included in this study. Total 60 patients were selected, of them 30 patients managed conservatively and 30 patients managed surgically. Conservatively managed patients regarded as control group (Group-A) and surgically managed patients regarded as experimental group (Group-B). Patients or attendants refused to operate were included in the conservative group.