This cross-sectional study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of type 2 diabetes along with its risk factors in urban slum population of Dhaka, Bangladesh. A random sample of 1555 slum dwellel’s of Dhaka city (age ~20 years) were included in the study. Capillary blood glucose levels, fasting and 2-h after75g oral glucose load (for a selected subjects, n=476), were mcasured. Height, weight, waist and hip circumferences, blood pressure and some other important socio-demographic information on age, sex, education, income, and occupation status were collectcd. The overall prevalence of type 2 diabetes was found to be 8.1 percent, and the prevalence for men and women werc 7.7 percent and 8.5 percent respectively.