Induction of labour is considered justified when the benefits of prompt delivery outweigh the consequences of Caeserian Section (CS). Literature on the effectiveness and safety of surgical induction of labour in term and postdated pregnancy is limited in Bangladesh. This study was aimed to assess the effectiveness and safety of surgical induction of labour in term and postdated pregnancy. This prospective clinical study was conducted in the in-patient Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Combined Military Hospital (CMH), Dhaka from July, 2005 to June 2006. A total of 100 pregnant women with term and postdated pregnancy were selected for the study by simple random sampling. The particulars of the patient, detailed menstrual and obstetric history, induction delivery interval, mode of delivery and foetal outcome and maternal complications were recorded. The results were analysed by Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 16.0.The mean±SD age of the participants was 25.79±6.16 years with a range of 18-38 years. The indication of Induction of labour included term pregnancy (79%) and postdated pregnancy (21%).Normal vaginal delivery was done in 78% cases, CS in 17% cases and vacuum extraction in 5% cases.Ninety three percent babies were born healthy, 6% were asphyxiated, perinatal death 2% and still born 1%. Oxygen inhalation was needed for 6% babies. Prolonged second stage (7%), post-partum haemorrhage (8%), maternal distress during labour (10%) and manual removal of placenta (12%) were the observed maternal complications. No significant difference was observed between term and post term pregnancy in term of normal vaginal delivery, vacuum extraction and lower uterine cesarean section. Induction of labour is beneficial for both term and postdated pregnancy with associated complications. Foetal outcome was good and maternal complications were acceptable.