Incidence of Low Birth Weight in Three Selected Communities of Bangladesh*

This prospective study was conducted in urban affluent, slum and rural communities of Bangladesh during Feb ’94 to Feb ’95. From each community, 250 pregnant mothers were recruited in the .study and at the end total 660 live births were studied to determine the incidence and risk factors of low birth weight. Incidence of low birth weight was highest in urban slum (36.8%) followed by rural area (20.9%) and lowest in urban affluent community (18.3%). The area of residence had a significant influence on birth weight suggesting that environmental stress had detrimental effect on birth weight. Age, weight and height of mothers were also risk factor for low birth weight of their babies. Mothers of lessthan 20 years and more than 35 years, weighing less than 40 kg and having height less than 140 cm had the higher risk of giving…

 

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