Anatomical assessment of ventricular septum in relation to the aortic valve of bovine heart

In recent decades, thromboembolic complications, ruptures, stenoses, and calcifications of the aortic heart valves cause morbidity and mortality of human patient. These complications need valvular replacement or correction with the natural valve, either mechanical or biological1 . Implantation of the valve is necessary for the correction of the diseased human valve. These implanted valves may be mechanical, may be of porcine origin or bovine pericardial origin.


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